Dental prostheses for rapid rehabilitation allow
return the aesthetic masticatory function.
Dental prostheses are prosthetic devices that replace lost natural teeth. For the masticatory system to function properly the teeth need to be in balance in the upper and lower dental arches. The loss of a single tooth unbalances this system of forces, and the teeth move by migrating to compensate for the loss. Spaces are created, gaps occur and chewing and aesthetics suffer. The teeth need to be replaced.
HOW DO PROSTHESES WORK?
In the case of total dentures, an acrylic base of the color of the buccal mucosa rests on its gingiva. The base of the upper prosthesis covers the entire palate (roof of the mouth), while the lower prosthesis is made in "U" format to allow free space to accommodate its tongue.
The prostheses are made in partnership between the dentist and the technician in dental prosthesis, from molds taken from his mouth. Your dentist will determine which of the three types of prosthesis described below is best for you.
CONVENTIONAL TOTAL PROSTHESIS (DENTURE)
The conventional total prosthesis is placed in your mouth after the remaining teeth are removed and the tissues heal. Healing can take several months, a period that will require a relining of the prosthesis that will be installed, in order to reduce the loads that will affect the tissue. The steps of making the prosthesis must be approved by you patient and your dentist, from the color, shape and size of the teeth that will be used. It is interesting to present to your dentist pictures that show how your teeth were so he has a parameter in the making of this device. It is not advisable for the patient to sleep every day with this device, since the salivation during the night is reduced and this can favor the appearance of fungi and bacteria, in this period the prosthesis can be placed in a container with water. Hygiene of prosthetics should be done after meals.
IMMEDIATE TOTAL PROSTHESIS
Immediate total prosthesis is installed immediately after extraction of the remaining teeth. (Your dentist takes measurements and molds your maxillary bones during a consultation.) Although immediate prostheses offer the advantage that you do not run out of your teeth, they need to be readjusted in the months after they are installed. The reason for this is that the bone in which the teeth were inserted undergoes a change after healing, making the prosthesis run out of stability.
REMOVABLE PARTIAL PROSTHESIS
The removable partial denture consists of a metal structure that rests on the natural teeth and border (bone and tissue). Crowns are sometimes placed over some of the natural teeth and serve as a support for the prosthesis. These prostheses should be well fitted on all tissues and should not cause lesions in your mouth. Removable partial dentures offer a mobile alternative to the bridges and it is possible to achieve good esthetics and function and with this prosthetic modality.
HOW LONG DO I GET INTO MY PROSTHESIS?
New dentures may seem strange and uncomfortable for the first few weeks or even months. Feeding yourself and talking to the prosthesis may require a little practice. It is common to have the sensation of protruding or loose teeth, while the muscles of your cheeks and tongue become accustomed to holding the prosthesis in place. Excessive flow of saliva, the feeling that the tongue has no place to stay, and a slight irritation or ulceration are not uncommon. In the case of irritation, consult your dentist, and remember, it is not correct to become accustomed to injuries caused by these prosthetics, if your device hurts you, seek your dentist to adapt the prosthetic device to your oral cavity.
WHAT IS THE DURABILITY OF PROSTHESES?
For a certain period of time, your prosthesis will need to be readjusted, redone, or replaced due to normal wear and tear. Replacement means making a new base by keeping the existing teeth in the prosthesis. Also, over time, your mouth changes naturally. These changes cause your prosthesis to become loose, making it difficult to chew and irritating the gums. You should consult your dentist at least once a year for an evaluation, these prostheses should not be used for more than five years.